Friends of Europe’s annual Policy Security Summit is the flagship event of our ambitious peace, security & defence programme. Bringing together senior decision-makers with out-of-the-box movers and shakers, this occasion allows for in-depth and innovative discussions on today’s most pressing security and defence issues.
Taking place right after the 2018 NATO Summit and ahead of the 70th anniversary of NATO, this year’s summit is particularly timely to launch and promote new visionary ideas on the future of NATO, European defence and security, and current security developments shaking our world.
The summit will present and discuss the recommendations of our Debating Security Plus (DS+) online brainstorm that took place on 19-20 June. Gathering a unique coalition of over a thousand participants from around the world, it is the only platform that permits a truly global whole-of-society consultation providing fresh and innovative recommendations to global security challenges.
The conference will also allow participants to take part in early bird-masterclasses to learn more about key conflicts and crises from high-level experts, including Elham Saudi, Director of Lawyers for Justice in Libya; Iryna Brunova-Kalisetska, Executive Director of the Integration and Development Center for Information and Research, Ukraine; and Zaina Erhaim, award-winning Syrian journalist. It is a unique opportunity to look at some of Europe’s biggest foreign policy challenges with a select group of stakeholders and seek to learn both from conflicts and crises and their resolution.
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Welcome coffee & registration
EARLY BIRD MASTERCLASSES
NEW APPROACHES FOR EUROPE’S GLOBAL ROLE
During Friends of Europe’s recent global online brainstorm, Debating Security Plus, there were repeated calls for Europe to speed up its steps towards strategic autonomy, strengthening a common EU strategic approach to foreign, defence and security policy. Continuing conflicts in its eastern and southern neighbourhood - and beyond – are challenging Europe’s capacity to act collectively to shape global events. Will new security and defence capabilities currently being developed allow the EU to respond more effectively to external conflicts and crises and play a greater role in fostering peace? To the South, what can be done to stop the agenda being dominated by migration and security concerns and foster a longer-term approach to stability, security and prosperity in the region? To the East, should the EU play a bigger role in conflict resolution processes in the numerous ‘frozen conflicts’ of the post-Soviet space, including in Georgia, Ukraine and Moldova? Further afield, can the European Union assist in the peace process and denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula?
This set of parallel masterclasses will look at some of Europe’s biggest foreign policy challenges, seeking to learn both from conflicts and crises and their resolution.
Welcome remarks by Jamie Shea, Senior Fellow at Friends of Europe and Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Emerging Security Challenges at NATO (2010-2018)
Table 1 - Syria
Zaina Erhaim, Award-winning Syrian journalist
Table 2 - Libya
Elham Saudi, Director of Lawyers for Justice in Libya
Table 3 - North Korea
Youngmi Kim, Senior Lecturer in Korean Studies at the University of Edinburgh
Table 4 - Ukraine
Iryna Brunova-Kalisetska, Executive Director at Integration and Development Center for Information and Research, Ukraine
Table 5 - Yemen
Helen Lackner, Research Associate at the London Middle East Institute and author of “Yemen in crisis: Autocracy, neo-liberalism and the disintegration of a state”
CONVERSATION WITH Julian King, European Commissioner for the Security Union
Moderated by Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, President of the Dutch Advisory Council on International Affairs, NATO Secretary General (2004-2009) and Friends of Europe Trustee
NEW CAPABILITIES FOR NEW SECURITY THREATS
The European Union is wrestling with an array of old and new security challenges as it seeks to tackle rapid technological developments from Artificial Intelligence to robotics which are changing the global military and security landscape and the nature of warfare. New EU moves to develop defence capabilities, including the Coordinated Annual Review on Defence (CARD), the Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) and the European Defence Fund (EDF) are central pieces of a new political and institutional jigsaw puzzle which has the potential to provide EU nations with better and more interoperable defense capabilities to address a multiplicity of threats.
- The international community has raised concerns over the lack of human control in modern warfare. Where do we draw the line on autonomy and warfare?
- Are the new European security and defence capabilities, along with revamped NATO structures, adapted to the different security threats we face?
- Has Europe already lost the ‘arms race’ for the use of artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics for defence applications?
- Would an international code of conduct or international agreement based on those developed on nuclear or chemical weapons, as advocated during the DS+ online brainstorm, help regulate the military use of AI and mitigate its disruptive effects?
Lowri Evans, European Commission Director-General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs
Edvinas Kerza, Lithuanian Vice Minister of Defence
Frank Sauer, Senior Research Fellow and Lecturer at Bundeswehr University Munich
Mary Wareham, Global Coordinator of the Campaign to Stop Killer Robots
Jamie Shea, Senior Fellow at Friends of Europe and Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Emerging Security Challenges at NATO (2010-2018)
A NEW START FOR AN OLD ALLIANCE
NATO unity is being tested by US President Donald Trump’s stepped-up demands for an increase in European defence spending and his apparent preference for bilateral security arrangements over joint Alliance operations. The Debating Security Plus online brainstorm argued that European nations need to boost defence spending at least to the NATO target of 2% of GDP but should keep in mind that spending more is not enough; how they spend their defence budgets is key. As highlighted by the NATO summit in July, the Alliance also continues to juggle its long-standing commitments to theatres like Afghanistan, increased tensions with Russia and counter-terrorism efforts with new and increasingly sophisticated threats posed by hybrid warfare as well as cyber-attacks which threaten to disrupt crucial infrastructure, businesses, and privacy. As it nears its 70th anniversary, NATO is under pressure to transform an old Alliance into a more modern and efficient organisation ready to take up new challenges in a fast-changing security landscape.
- What changes does NATO need to embrace to be able to meet the security and defence challenges of the 21st century, including relations with China?
- How does NATO see European efforts to build closer defence cooperation, and what can be done to make sure NATO and EU efforts reinforce each other?
- How should EU member states and NATO allies adapt to the threat of a less internationally engaged US?
José Alberto de Azeredo Lopes, Portuguese Minister of Defence
Frank Bakke-Jensen, Norwegian Minister of Defence
Benedetta Berti, Head of Policy Planning in the Private Office of the NATO Secretary-General
Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, President of the Dutch Advisory Council on International
Affairs, NATO Secretary-General (2004-2009) and Friends of Europe Trustee
Paul Taylor, Senior Fellow at Friends of Europe & author of ‘Safer together: the United Kingdom and the future of European security and defence’
This event is exclusively for Friends of Europe’s members, EU institution representatives and media.
Clotilde Sipp, Senior Programme Manager
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