BUILDING CYBER RESILIENCE

Aligning strategies and increasing cooperation

06 November 2018 - 13:00 - 14:30
Sorin Ducaru, Jamie Shea , Heli Tiirmaa-Klaar
Introduction

Disruptive cyberattacks are increasingly frequent and threaten all levels of states and societies. The WannaCry and the NotPetya attacks which cost hundreds of millions of dollars in corporate losses are just two recent examples of the havoc caused by such malicious assaults. Deterrence and resilience are the key to being able to withstand, recover and respond to such practices. Whilst cyber defence remains a core competence of EU and NATO members, the transnational nature of cyber-threats demands strategic, coordinated and complementary responses by both organisations.

Part of Friends of Europe’s Peace, Security and Defence Programme, this event builds on our series of debates on resilience, which aims to develop, foster and promote building resilience into systems, policies and approaches that enables states and societies to withstand, adapt, recover and respond to shocks and crises. Our work is firmly anchored in our expertise in a range of fields, including energy and climate change, geopolitics, international development, migration and health. We seek a holistic approach to European, transatlantic and global security policies. Security considerations are, in turn, mainstreamed into these areas of expertise, enriching the debate by encouraging experts to think outside their comfort zones.


IMAGE CREDIT: Pinterest—ISC2

Programme
12.30-13.00

Welcome lunch and registration of participants

13.00 - 14.30

Disruptive cyberattacks are increasingly frequent and threaten all levels of states and societies. The WannaCry ransomware attack which affected 300,000 computers across 150 countries and caused chaos in the UK’s National Health Service hospitals and the NotPetya attack which cost hundreds of millions of dollars in corporate losses are just two recent examples of the havoc caused by such malicious assaults. Deterrence and resilience are the key to being able to withstand, recover and respond to such practices.

Whilst cyber defence remains a core competence of EU and NATO members, as recognised in the 2016 Warsaw Joint Declaration, the transnational nature of cyber-threats demand strategic, coordinated and complementary responses by both organisations. The EU’s playbook—a compilation of measures the EU can take in response to a cyberattack— could provide NATO with inspiration to develop its own blueprint but questions remains over how NATO should respond when the attack does not meet criteria set by Article 5 of the Alliance. The EU and NATO already run coordinated exercises ranging from prevention, crisis management and recovery. However, is this cooperation now mature enough to enable both organisations to make a comprehensive contribution to cybersecurity and are international norms required to govern conduct in cyberspace?  

  • What type of responses have thus far been useful in deterring future cyber attacks? Has the EU reached any initial conclusions as to the effectiveness of its playbook? 
  • How can governments, in partnership with the private sector, speed up work on the technical developments needed to attribute cyber-attacks faster and more accurately? 
  • What impact have EU and NATO cyber defence initiatives, including the NATO cyber defence pledge and the EU NIS Directive, had on building up the resilience of national systems?

Speakers include
Sorin Ducaru
, Chairman of the NATO Secretary-General’s Senior Advisory Board for the Functional Review of the NATO Headquarters, Special Advisor at the Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace & Trustee of Friends of Europe
Heli Tiirmaa-Klaar, Estonian Ambassador for Cyber Security

Moderated by
Jamie Shea, Senior Fellow at Friends of Europe and Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Emerging Security Challenges at NATO (2010-2018) 

Speakers
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Sorin Ducaru
Chairman of the NATO Secretary-General’s Senior Advisory Board for the Functional Review of the NATO Headquarters, Special Advisor at the Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace & Trustee of Friends of Europe
Sorin Ducaru is a Romanian diplomat with longstanding experience in transatlantic and international relations and a particular expertise in the field of emerging security challenges and the impact of new technologies on security. He previously served as NATO Assistant Secretary-General for Emerging Security Challenges and Chair of the Cyber Defence Committee, leading the Alliance’s work on cyber policy development and implementation, and now chairs the Secretary-General’s Senior Advisory Board for the review of the NATO Headquarters. He is also a Senior Fellow at the Hudson Institute and a Special Advisor to the Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace, which works to develop norms and policies for the security and stability of cyberspace.
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Jamie Shea
Senior Fellow at Friends of Europe and Former Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Emerging Security Challenges at NATO (2010-2018)
Retiring from NATO in September 2018 after 38 years at the organisation, Jamie Shea has occupied a number of senior positions at NATO across a wide range of areas, including external relations, press and media, and policy planning. As NATO’s spokesperson, he was the face of the Alliance during the Bosnia and Kosovo conflicts. He later worked as the Director of Policy Planning in the private office of former Secretary General Rasmussen during the preparation of NATO’s 2010 Strategic Concept. Shea is also a regular lecturer and conference speaker on NATO and European security affairs.
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Heli Tiirmaa-Klaar
Estonian Ambassador for Cyber Security
In her current position, Heli Tiirmaa-Klaar is responsible for developing Estonia’s foreign policy on cyber security, ensuring its coordinated implementation, representing Estonia in international organisations and contributing to international cooperation in the field. Tiirmaa-Klaar has worked on cyber security in Estonia, the EU and NATO for more than a decade, having previously coordinated the implementation of Estonia’s cyber security strategy; served as a NATO cyber security policy advisor to develop the NATO cyber defence policy and action plan; and coordinated external cyber relations at the European External Action Service.
Partners

EUCOM

Registration

Mikaela d’Angelo, Programme Manager 
t.:  +32 2 893 98 20
e: mikaela.dangelo@friendsofeurope.org

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