Disruptive cyberattacks are increasingly frequent and threaten all levels of states and societies. The WannaCry and the NotPetya attacks which cost hundreds of millions of dollars in corporate losses are just two recent examples of the havoc caused by such malicious assaults. Deterrence and resilience are the key to being able to withstand, recover and respond to such practices. Whilst cyber defence remains a core competence of EU and NATO members, the transnational nature of cyber-threats demands strategic, coordinated and complementary responses by both organisations.
Part of Friends of Europe’s Peace, Security and Defence Programme, this event builds on our series of debates on resilience, which aims to develop, foster and promote building resilience into systems, policies and approaches that enables states and societies to withstand, adapt, recover and respond to shocks and crises. Our work is firmly anchored in our expertise in a range of fields, including energy and climate change, geopolitics, international development, migration and health. We seek a holistic approach to European, transatlantic and global security policies. Security considerations are, in turn, mainstreamed into these areas of expertise, enriching the debate by encouraging experts to think outside their comfort zones.
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Welcome lunch and registration of participants
13.00 - 14.30
Disruptive cyberattacks are increasingly frequent and threaten all levels of states and societies. The WannaCry ransomware attack which affected 300,000 computers across 150 countries and caused chaos in the UK’s National Health Service hospitals and the NotPetya attack which cost hundreds of millions of dollars in corporate losses are just two recent examples of the havoc caused by such malicious assaults. Deterrence and resilience are the key to being able to withstand, recover and respond to such practices.
Whilst cyber defence remains a core competence of EU and NATO members, as recognised in the 2016 Warsaw Joint Declaration, the transnational nature of cyber-threats demand strategic, coordinated and complementary responses by both organisations. The EU’s playbook—a compilation of measures the EU can take in response to a cyberattack— could provide NATO with inspiration to develop its own blueprint but questions remains over how NATO should respond when the attack does not meet criteria set by Article 5 of the Alliance. The EU and NATO already run coordinated exercises ranging from prevention, crisis management and recovery. However, is this cooperation now mature enough to enable both organisations to make a comprehensive contribution to cybersecurity and are international norms required to govern conduct in cyberspace?
- What type of responses have thus far been useful in deterring future cyber attacks? Has the EU reached any initial conclusions as to the effectiveness of its playbook?
- How can governments, in partnership with the private sector, speed up work on the technical developments needed to attribute cyber-attacks faster and more accurately?
- What impact have EU and NATO cyber defence initiatives, including the NATO cyber defence pledge and the EU NIS Directive, had on building up the resilience of national systems?
Ruth Davis, Head of Commercial Strategy and Public Policy at BT Security
Sorin Ducaru, Chairman of the NATO Secretary-General’s Senior Advisory Board for the Functional Review of the NATO Headquarters, Special Advisor at the Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace & Trustee of Friends of Europe
Vivian Loonela, Member of Cabinet of Andrus Ansip, Vice-President for the Digital Single Market at the European Commission
Heli Tiirmaa-Klaar, Estonian Ambassador for Cyber Security
Jamie Shea, Senior Fellow at Friends of Europe and Deputy Assistant Secretary General for Emerging Security Challenges at NATO (2010-2018)
Mikaela d’Angelo, Programme Manager
t.: +32 2 893 98 20
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